jsstyles/jss

Composable and reusable style sheets.
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Dynamic style sheets for web components.

Gitter

JSS is a very thin layer which compiles JSON structures to CSS.

Take a look at "The important parts" and slides.

By leveraging namespaces we can solve the cascading problem better than bem and make our components truly reusable and composable.

Why do we need transpilers like sass or stylus when we can use javascript to do the same and much more?

Access css declarations and values from js without DOM round trip.

Smaller footprint because of code reuse and no vendor specific declarations

Take a look at examples directory.

Syntactic differences compared to CSS

Jss styles are just plain javascript objects. They map 1:1 to css rules, except of those modified by plugins.

// Some random jss code example
{
  '.carousel-caption': {
    'position': 'absolute',
    'z-index': '10',
  },
  'hr': {
    'border': '0',
    'border-top': '1px solid #eee'
  },
  '@media (min-width: 768px)': {
    '.modal-dialog': {
      'width': '600px',
      'margin': '30px auto'
    },
    '.modal-content': {
      'box-shadow': '0 5px 15px rgba(0, 0, 0, .5)'
    },
    '.modal-sm': {
      'width': '300px'
    }
  }
}

Multiple declarations with identical property names

I recommend to not to use this if you use jss on the client. Instead you should write a function, which makes a test for this feature support and generates just one final declaration.

In case you are using jss as a server side precompiler, you might want to have more than one property with identical name. This is not possible in js, but you can use an array.

{
    '.container': {
        background: [
            'red',
            '-moz-linear-gradient(left, red 0%, green 100%)',
            '-webkit-linear-gradient(left, red 0%, green 100%)',
            '-o-linear-gradient(left, red 0%, green 100%)',
            '-ms-linear-gradient(left, red 0%, green 100%)',
            'linear-gradient(to right, red 0%, green 100%)'
        ]
    }
}
.container {
    background: red;
    background: -moz-linear-gradient(left, red 0%, green 100%);
    background: -webkit-linear-gradient(left, red 0%, green 100%);
    background: -o-linear-gradient(left, red 0%, green 100%);
    background: -ms-linear-gradient(left, red 0%, green 100%);
    background: linear-gradient(to right, red 0%, green 100%);
}

API

Access the jss namespace

// Pure js
var jss = window.jss

// Commonjs
var jss = require('jss')

Create style sheet

jss.createStyleSheet([rules], [named], [options])

Options:

  • media style element attribute
  • title style element attribute
  • type style element attribute
  • named if true - keys are names, selectors will be generated
  • link link jss Rule instances with DOM `CSSRule instances so that styles, can be modified dynamically, false by default because it has some performance cost.
var sheet = jss.createStyleSheet({
    '.selector': {
        width: '100px'
    }
}, {media: 'print'}).attach()
<style media="print">
    .selector {
        width: 100px;
    }
</style>

Create namespaced style sheet.

Create a style sheet with namespaced rules. For this set second parameter to true.

var sheet = jss.createStyleSheet({
    myButton: {
        width: '100px',
        height: '100px'
    }
}, true).attach()

console.log(sheet.classes.myButton) // .jss-0
<style>
    .jss-0 {
        width: 100px;
        height: 100px;
    }
</style>

Attach style sheet

sheet.attach()

Insert style sheet into the render tree. You need to call it in order to make your style sheet visible for the layout.

Detach style sheet

sheet.detach()

Detaching unsused style sheets will speedup every DOM node insertion and manipulation as the browser will have to do less lookups for css rules potentially to be applied to the element.

Add a rule

sheet.addRule([selector], rule)

Returns an array of rules, because you might have a nested rule in your style.

You might want to add rules dynamically.

var rules = sheet.addRule('.my-button', {
    padding: '20px',
    background: 'blue'
})

Add rule with generated class name.

var rules = sheet.addRule({
    padding: '20px',
    background: 'blue'
})
document.body.innerHTML = '<button class="' + rules[0].className + '">Button</button>'

Get a rule.

sheet.getRule(selector)

Access a rule within sheet by selector or name.

// Using selector
var rule = sheet.getRule('.my-button')

// Using name, if named rule was added.
var rule = sheet.getRule('myButton')

Add multiple rules.

sheet.addRules(rules)

In case you want to add rules to the sheet separately or even at runtime.

sheet.addRules({
    '.my-button': {
        float: 'left',
    },
    '.something': {
        display: 'none'
    }
})

Create a rule without a style sheet.

jss.createRule([selector], rule)

In order to apply styles directly to the element butt still be able to use jss plugins.

var rule = jss.createRule({
    padding: '20px',
    background: 'blue'
})

rule.applyTo(element)

Apply a rule to an element inline.

rule.applyTo(element)

This is equivalent to element.style.background = 'blue' except of that you could use a rule from sheet which is already defined and can apply plugins to it. Example.

jss.createRule({
    background: 'blue'
}).applyTo(element)

Set or get a rule property dynamically.

rule.prop(name, [value])

When option link is true, after stylesheet is attached, linker saves references to CSSRule instances so that you are able to set rules properties at any time. Example.

var sheet = jss.createStyleSheet({
    a: {
        color: 'red'
    }
}, {link: true})

// Get the color.
sheet.getRule('a').prop('color') // red

// Set the color.
sheet.getRule('a').prop('color', 'green')

Register plugin.

jss.use(fn)

Passed function will be invoked with Rule instance. Take a look at plugins like extend, nested or vendorPrefixer.

jss.use(function(rule) {
    // Your modifier.
})

Convert to CSS

sheet.toString()

If you want to get a pure CSS string from jss e.g. for preprocessing jss on the server.

var jss = require('jss')

var sheet = jss.createStyleSheet({
    '.my-button': {
        float: 'left',
    }
})

console.log(sheet.toString())
.my-button {
  float: left;
}

Plugins

Things you know from stylus like @extend, nested selectors, vendor prefixer are separate plugins.

Full list of available plugins

Install

npm install jss
#or
bower install jsstyles

Convert CSS to JSS

# print help
jss
# convert css
jss source.css -p > source.jss

Benchmarks

  1. How fast would bootstrap css lib render? I have converted bootstraps css to jss. In bench/bootstrap folder you will find jss and css files. You need to try more than once to have some average value.

    On my machine overhead is about 10-15ms.

  2. Rendering jss vs. css (same styles) jsperf bench.

Run tests

Locally

npm i
open test/local.html

From github

Tests

License

MIT